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Can you analyze a BaZi without the Hour pillar?

A BaZi (Kr) has 4 pillars. It has Year, Month, Day and Hour pillars. Analyzing a BaZi is to analyze all 4 pillars together. This is why a BaZi is also known as Four Pillar. To analyze a BaZi, you need to know the year, month, day and time of birth. In many situations, you do not know the time of birth and therefore you do not have the Hour pillar. The question is: can you still analyze a BaZi properly without the Hour pillar? This article explains why you cannot analyze a BaZi properly without the Hour pillar.

Missing Ten Gods (i.e. missing elements)

To analyze a BaZi properly, you need to know all Ten Gods in a BaZi. The Hour pillar may contain a Ten God that is not found in the other three pillars (i.e. Year, Month and Day pillars). If the Hour pillar is not known, you would not know what Ten God is in the Hour pillar. For example, if the Wealth Star only appears in the Hour pillar, looking at the other three pillars would not reveal that the Wealth Star is present in the BaZi. Without the Hour pillar, a proper analysis of a BaZi cannot be carried out.

Combination and Transformation Effects

To analyze a BaZi properly, you need to perform combination and transformation checks. There are 13 Hour pillars in a day. Without the Hour pillar, combination and transformation effects in a BaZi cannot be determined. This means the true identities of all elements in a BaZi cannot be known.

BaZi Structure

To analyze a BaZi properly, you need to know a BaZi structure. There are 6 possible BaZi structures, please see BaZi 2. Without the Hour pillar, you would not be able to determine a BaZi structure because the true identities of the elements in a BaZi are unknown.

Day Master Strength

To analyze a BaZi properly, you need to know the Day Master strength. The Day Master strength depends on a BaZi structure. There are 6 possible BaZi structures, three give rise to strong Day Master, the other three give rise to weak Day Master. Without the Hour pillar, you would not be able to know whether a Day Master is strong or weak because a BaZi structure cannot be determined.

Some analysis may use the element in the Month Branch (i.e. simply looking at the season of birth) to decide whether a Day Master is strong or weak. Using this approach you would not be able to identify correctly the Day Master strength for special BaZi structures such as Overly Strong Structure, Fake Overly Strong Structure, Overly Weak Structure and Fake Overly Weak Structure as well as for certain Normal Strong Structures and Normal Weak Structures.

Favourable and Unfavourable Ten Gods (elements)

To analyze a BaZi properly, you need to know whether a Ten God is favourable or unfavourable. Whether a Ten God is favourable or unfavourable depends on the Day Master strength. There are 13 Hour pillars in a day. Take Yang Water () Day Master as an example. Some Hour pillars may give rise to a strong Yang Water Day Master, others may give rise to a weak Yang Water Day Master. For a strong Yang Water Day Master, Wood and Fire are the favourable elements, Water and Metal are the unfavourable elements. When the Yang Water Day Master is weak, Water and Metal are the favourable elements, Wood and Fire are the unfavourable elements. Without the Hour pillar, you would not be able to determine whether a Ten God is favourable or unfavourable.

If you are interested to learn how to analyze a BaZi, please see BaZi course.