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Can you analyze a BaZi without the Hour pillar?

A BaZi (Kr) has 4 pillars. There is a Year, Month, Day and Hour pillar. Analyzing a BaZi is to analyze all 4 pillars together. This is the reason why a BaZi is also known as Four Pillar. To analyze a BaZi, you need to know the year, month, day and time of birth. In many situations, you do not know the time of birth and therefore you do not have the Hour pillar. The question is: can you still analyze a BaZi without the Hour pillar? This article explains why you cannot analyze a BaZi without the Hour pillar.

Missing Ten Gods (i.e. missing elements)

To analyze a BaZi properly, you need to know which Ten Gods are in the BaZi. The Hour pillar may contain a Ten God that is not found in the other three pillars (i.e. Year, Month and Day pillars). If the Hour pillar is not known, you would not know which Ten God is in the Hour pillar. For example, if the Wealth Star only appears in the Hour pillar, looking at the other three pillars would not reveal that the Wealth Star is present in the BaZi.

Combination and Transformation Effects

To analyze a BaZi properly, you need to perform combination and transformation checks to determine the true identities of all elements in the BaZi. Without the Hour pillar, you are not able to perform combination and transformation checks for the BaZi since the Hour Pillar can be involved in combination and transformation and there are 13 Hour pillars in a day. This means you are not able to determine the true identities of all elements in a BaZi.

BaZi Structure

To analyze a BaZi properly, you need to be able to determine the BaZi structure. In general there are 6 possible BaZi structures a BaZi can belong to, please see BaZi 2. Without the Hour pillar, you would not be able to determine a BaZi structure because you are not able to know the true identities of the elements in a BaZi.

Day Master Strength

To analyze a BaZi properly, you need to know the Day Master strength. The Day Master strength depends on the BaZi structure. There are 6 possible BaZi structures, three give rise to strong Day Master, the other three give rise to weak Day Master. Without the Hour pillar, you would not be able to know whether a Day Master is strong or weak because you are not able to determine the BaZi structure.

Some analysis may use the element in the Month Branch (i.e. simply looking at the season of birth) to decide whether a Day Master is strong or weak. Using this approach you would not be able to identify correctly the Day Master strength for special BaZi structures such as Overly Strong Structure, Fake Overly Strong Structure, Overly Weak Structure and Fake Overly Weak Structure as well as for certain Normal Strong Structures and Normal Weak Structures.

Favorable and Unfavorable Ten Gods (elements)

To analyze a BaZi properly, you need to know whether a Ten God is favorable or unfavorable. Whether a Ten God is favorable or unfavorable depends on the Day Master strength. There are 13 Hour pillars in a day. For example, if the Day Master is Yang Water (), some Hour pillars may give rise to a strong Yang Water, others may give rise to a weak Yang Water. For a strong Yang Water Day Master, Wood and Fire are the favourable elements, Water and Metal are the unfavourable elements. For a weak Yang Water Day Master, Water and Metal are the favourable elements, Wood and Fire are the unfavourable elements. Without the Hour pillar, you would not be able to determine whether a Ten God is favorable or unfavorable.

If you are interested to learn BaZi, please see BaZi course.